Vietnam Veterans Memorial


The Vietnam Veterans Memorial is a national monument in Washington, D.C., dedicated to American servicemen who fought in the Vietnam War. Two black granite walls with the names of military members who died or are still missing as a corollary of their duty in Vietnam and SouthEast Asia during the war stand out on the two-acre (8,100 m2) site. After The Wall was finished in 1982, The Three Soldiers (also known as The Three Servicemen) statue and the Vietnam Women's Memorial were supplemented in 1984 and 1993 respectively.

The monument is located in Constitution Gardens, northeast of the Lincoln Memorial and close to the National Mall. Three million people visit it annually, and the National Park Service is in charge of maintaining it. Chinese-American architect Maya Lin was responsible for creating the Memorial Wall. The American Institute of Architects placed it seventh on its "List of America's Favorite Architecture" in 2007. It is included on the National Register of Historic Places as a national memorial.

Photo credits to Academy of Achievement

The 57,939 names of Americans killed in the conflict are engraved on the plain, V-shaped black granite wall. As opposed to other memorials, this one was arranged by order of death rather than rank. The jury unanimously chose Lin to design the memorial after she outperformed more than 1,400 other entries in a national competition. Initially viewed as contentious, it quickly develops into a potent representation of honor and sacrifice.

Lin, who was born in Ohio in 1959, was the daughter of immigrants from China. Many veterans' organizations objected to Lin's winning design since it lacked the inspirational quotes and heroic sculptures of a typical memorial. However, in the months following the dedication of the memorial, there was a striking change in public perception. In search of the names of their loved ones slain in battle, veterans and families of the departed wandered the black reflective wall. Once the name was found, visitors frequently left an imprint or a private offering, which might have ranged from notes and flowers to dog tags and beer cans.

The Vietnam Veterans Memorial quickly rose to be one of the most popular memorials in the nation's capital. "The Wall" drew together both those who fought and those who marched against the war and served to promote national healing a decade after the polarizing conflict's end. A director of the Smithsonian Institution called it "a community of feelings, almost a sacred precinct," and a veteran proclaimed that "it's the parade we never got."

Photo credits to Clio

The Three Soldiers (or The Three Servicemen)

A component of the Memorial, positioned a short distance from the Wall, is a bronze statue named The Three Servicemen. Three troops are shown in the piece. While the third is meant to symbolize all other ethnic groups in America, the first two are clearly recognized as European American and African American. The statue and the Wall appear to interact in their final structure, with the soldiers viewing in mournful remembrance as they read the names of their slain comrades. The distance between the two enables interaction without compromising the other one’s design.

The three men in the statue are specifically identified as European American (center), African American (right), and Latino American (left) in order to symbolize the main ethnic groups who were represented in the ranks of U.S. combat personnel who served in Vietnam. These three statues were created using the likenesses of seven real young men, two of whom (the Caucasian-American and the African-American) were serving as active-duty Marines at the time the sculpture was ordered. James E. Connell III, a Marine Corporal at the time, served as the model for the Caucasian figure, while Marine Corporal Terrance Green, Rodney Sherrill, and Scotty Dillingham served as the models for the African-American figure, and Guillermo (Willie) Smith De Perez DeLeon and Rene Farkass served as the models for the Hispanic figure.

Photo credits to Wikimedia Commons

Vietnam Women's Memorial

The Vietnam Women's Memorial is a monument honoring American women who served as nurses during the Vietnam War. It serves as a reminder of the significant support and caregiving roles that women had in the war as nurses, air traffic controllers, communication specialists, etc. It shows three uniformed women caring for a wounded soldier. It is a piece of the Vietnam Veterans Memorial and is situated on the National Mall in Washington, D.C., a short distance south of The Wall and north of the Reflecting Pool.

The Vietnam Women's Memorial Project (now the Vietnam Women's Memorial Foundation) was established in 1984 by former Army nurse Diane Carlson Evans, RN. Glenna Goodacre created the monument, which was formally unveiled on November 11, 1993 as a component of the Vietnam Veterans Memorial.



References
https://www.nps.gov/vive/learn/historyculture/vvmoverview.htm
https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/vietnam-veterans-memorial-dedicated



Marjorie Ann M. Patricio is a Digital Marketing and Brand Development intern of PS Media Enterprise. She is currently a 4th-year Communication Research student at the Polytechnic University of the Philippines, Sta. Mesa, Manila.

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